Israel and the Assyrians From the disruption of the Israelite Monarchy c. One, as discussed in preceeding lectures, was the rapid rise to power of the Arameans of Damascus.
The virtual destruction of Israel left the southern kingdom, Judahto fend for itself among warring Near Eastern kingdoms. After the fall of the Northern Kingdom, the kings of Judah tried to extend their influence and protection to those inhabitants who had not been exiled.
They also sought to extend their authority northward into areas previously controlled by the Kingdom of Israel. The latter part of the reign of Ahaz, and most of that of Hezekiah were periods of stability during which Judah was able to consolidate both politically and economically.
Although Judah was a vassal of Assyria during this time and paid an annual tribute to the powerful empire, it was the most important state between Assyria and Egypt.
He re-captured Philistine -occupied lands in the Negev desertformed alliances with Ashkelon and Egyptand made a stand against Assyria by refusing to pay tribute. The siege[ edit ] Sources from both sides claimed victory, the Judahites or Biblical author s in the Tanakhand Sennacherib in his prism.
Sennacherib claimed the siege and capture of many Judaean cities, but only the siege—not capture—of Jerusalem. As the Assyrians began their invasion, Hezekiah began preparations to protect Jerusalem.
In an effort to deprive the Assyrians of water, springs outside the city were blocked. Workers then dug a meter tunnel to the Spring of Gihonproviding the city with fresh water.
Additional siege preparations included fortification of the existing walls, construction of towers, and the erection of a new reinforcing wall. Hezekiah gathered the citizens in the square and encouraged them by reminding them that the Assyrians possessed only "an arm of flesh", but the Judeans had the protection of Yahweh.
According to 2 Kings 18, while Sennacherib was besieging Lachishhe received a message from Hezekiah offering to pay tribute in exchange for Assyrian withdrawal. According to the Hebrew BibleHezekiah paid three hundred talents of silver and thirty talents of gold to Assyria—a price so heavy that he was forced to empty the temple and royal treasury of silver and strip the gold from the doorposts of Solomon 's temple.
Nevertheless, Sennacherib marched on Jerusalem with a large army. When the Assyrian force arrived, its field commander Rabshakeh brought a message from Sennacherib. In an attempt to demoralize the Judeans, the field commander announced to the people on the city walls that Hezekiah was deceiving them, and that Yahweh could not deliver Jerusalem from the king of Assyria.
He listed the gods of other peoples defeated by Sennacherib then asked, "Who of all the gods of these countries has been able to save his land from me? The text of the prism boasts how Sennacherib destroyed forty-six of Judah's cities, and trapped Hezekiah in Jerusalem "like a caged bird.
It adds that the Assyrian king returned to Assyria where he later received a large tribute from Judah. This description inevitably varies somewhat from the Jewish version in the Tanakh. The massive Assyrian casualties mentioned in the Tanakh are not mentioned in the Assyrian version. After he besieged Jerusalem, Sennacherib was able to give the surrounding towns to Assyrian vassal rulers in Ekron, Gaza and Ashdod.
McNeill speculates that the accounts of mass death among the Assyrian army in the Tanakh might be explained by an outbreak of cholera or other water-borne diseases due to the springs beyond the city walls having been blocked, thus depriving the besieging force of a safe water supply. In McNeill's speculative essay, the Assyrians were forced to withdraw by disease, an event which in McNeill's opinion served to support Judaism 's then-new monotheistic tradition.
In addition, McNeill reasons that the Assyrian siege of Jerusalem holds special historical significance due to the newness at the time of the monotheistic tradition in Judaism. McNeill argues that the apparent defeat of Sennacherib by YHWH supported the idea of monotheism in an age when a conquered people typically adopted the god or gods of their conquerors, as their own had failed to protect them.
The extraordinary defeat of Sennacherib which McNeill suggests, by disease which was as yet not understood, would have proven YHWH superior to the gods of the most powerful nation then known to the Jews, Assyria.
McNeill concludes that if Sennacherib had taken the city, the Jews may have adopted polytheism, and consequently, the Abrahamic religions would not exist. Aubin writes in The Rescue of Jerusalem: Sennacherib's end[ edit ] The prophecy of Isaiah did not come to pass immediately, but did eventually intersect with Sennacherib.
In BCE, while worshipping in the temple of Nisrochthe king of Assyria was killed by two of his sons. He had ruled Assyria for twenty-four years.
Written in anapestic tetrameter, the poem was popular in school recitations.-Deuteronomy is making the claim that Yahweh, not the Assyrian monarch, is the Great King to whom Israel owes loyalty.
Centralization of the cult -Deuteronomistic idea that the only acceptable place for ritualistic sacrifice is "the place in which God shall cause his name to dwell," (the Jerusalem temple).
Mar 15, · At his return to Assyria Sennacherib installed Bel-ibni as king of Babylon (ABC 1 Col). Bel-ibni however committed hostilities, so Sennacherib returned to Babylon in BC and captured him and his officers. In the ninth year of [the reign] of Hoshea, the King of Assyria took Samaria and exiled the Israelites to Assyria, and he settled them in Halah at the [River] Habor, at the River Gozan, and in the cities of Media.
assyrian king who burned Babylon and ordered its residents killed Josiah Faithful King of the Southern Kingdom of Judah, discovered a book in the Temple (Book of Deuteronomy) and implemented reforms to recommit the people to the covenant with God and to eliminate worship of false gods.
But Judah soon fell victim to the power struggles between Assyrians, Babylonians, and Egyptians.
When Josiah's son, Jehoahaz, became king, the king of Egypt, Necho (put into power by the Assyrians), rushed into Judah and deposed him, and Judah became a tribute state of Egypt. Start studying Hebrew III.
Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Solomon has a cleverness about how he handles conflict; he knew the real mother would react the way she did Which Assyrian king ravished Judah during the reign of Hezekiah? Sennacherib.