The past year has seen a flood of articles commemorating the end of the Cold War, and the fact that "peace" seems to be breaking out in many regions of the world. Most of these analyses lack any larger conceptual framework for distinguishing between what is essential and what is contingent or accidental in world history, and are predictably superficial. Gorbachev were ousted from the Kremlin or a new Ayatollah proclaimed the millennium from a desolate Middle Eastern capital, these same commentators would scramble to announce the rebirth of a new era of conflict.
Cancel List of Bookmarks For many years I maintained far too many magazine subscriptions, more periodicals than I could possibly read or even skim, so most weeks they went straight into storage, with scarcely more than a glance at the cover.
But every now and then, I might casually browse one of them, curious about what I had usually been missing. Thus, in the summer ofI happened to leaf through an issue of Chronicles, the small-circulation flagship organ of the marginalized paleoconservative movement, and soon began reading a blandly-titled book review.
But the piece so astonished Stalin and propaganda essay that it immediately justified all the many years of subscription payments I had sent to that magazine. The reviewer was Andrei Navrozov, a Soviet emigre long resident in Britain, and he opened by quoting a passage from a previous book review, published almost exactly twenty years before: For this reason, Icebreaker is the most original work of history it has been my privilege to read.
The work sought to overturn the settled history of World War II.
Iosif Vissarionovič Stalin, born Iosif Vissarionovich Dzhugashvili, December 18, (O.S. December 6) – March 5, , usually transliterated Josef Stalin, consolidated power to become the absolute ruler of the Soviet Union between and his death in Stalin held the title General Secretary of the Central Committee of the . Joseph Stalin (born Ioseb Besarionis dze Jughashvili; 18 December – 5 March ) was a Soviet revolutionary and politician of Georgian ethnicity. He ruled the Soviet Union from the mids until his death in , holding the titles of General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union from to and the nation's Premier from to The thunder-and-lightning example seems like a bad comparison for this kind of situation, in that the false claim is (1) easily observable to be untrue, and (2) utterly useless to the society that propagates it.
But here he advanced a far more radical thesis. Following the Bolshevik Revolution, the new Soviet regime had been viewed with extreme suspicion and hostility by other European countries, most of which also regarded their own domestic Communist Parties as likely fifth columns.
To this end, Stalin had directed his powerful German Communist Party to take political actions ensuring that Hitler came to power and then later lured the German dictator into signing the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact to divide Poland. This led Britain and France Stalin and propaganda essay declare war on Germany, while also eliminating the Polish buffer state, thereby placing Soviet armies directly on the German border.
And from the very moment he signed that long-term peace agreement with Hitler, he abandoned all his defensive preparations, and instead embarked upon an enormous military build-up of the purely offensive forces he intended to use for European conquest.
Some months later, a German edition of the book, under the title Der Eisbrecher: Hitler in Stalins Kaulkul, was published in Germany by a smallish house, Klett-Cotta, to timid and gingerly reviews. It sold 8, copies.
In the years that followed, over five million copies have been sold, making Suvorov the most-read military historian in history. Numerous other authors have published books in support or more often strong opposition, and even international academic conferences have been held to debate the theory.
But our own English-language media has almost entirely blacklisted and ignored this ongoing international debate, to such an extent that the name of the most widely-read military historian who ever lived had remained totally unknown to me.
But once again, our media outlets almost entirely averted their eyes, and only a single review appeared in an obscure ideological publication, where I chanced to encounter it.
This conclusively demonstrates that throughout most of the twentieth century a united front of English-language publishers and media organs could easily maintain a boycott of any important topic, ensuring that almost no one in America or the rest of the Anglosphere would ever hear of it.
Only with the recent rise of the Internet has this disheartening situation begun to change. Therefore, the theory that the dictator spent all those years deftly preparing the outbreak of World War II appears quite speculative to me. But the other central claim of the Suvorov Hypothesis—that the Soviets were themselves on the verge of attacking when the Germans struck—is an extremely factual question, which can be evaluated based on hard evidence.
I find the case quite compelling, at least if the facts and details that Suvorov cites in support are not totally spurious, which seems unlikely with the Naval Academy Press as his publisher. The Eastern Front was the decisive theater of World War II, involving military forces vastly larger than those deployed in the West or the Pacific, and the standard narrative always emphasizes the ineptitude and weakness of the Soviets.
Stalin has been regularly ridiculed for his total lack of preparedness, with Hitler often described as the only man the paranoid dictator had ever fully trusted. The Russians initially suffered gigantic losses, and only the onset of winter and the vast spaces of their territory saved them from a quick defeat.
After this, the war seesawed back-and-forth for four more years, until superior numbers and improved tactics finally carried the Soviets to the streets of a destroyed Berlin in Such is the traditional understanding of the titanic Russo-German struggle that we see endlessly echoed in every newspaper, book, television documentary, and film around us.
But even a cursory examination of the initial situation has always revealed strange anomalies. Many years ago, while in Junior High, I became an avid war-gamer with a strong interest in military history, and the Eastern Front of World War II was certainly a very popular topic. But every reconstruction of Operation Barbarossa always noted that the Germans owed much of their great initial success to the very odd deployment of the huge Soviet forces, which were all massed along the border in vulnerable formations almost as if preparing for an attack, and some writers casually suggested that this might have indeed been the case.
But the sheer volume of supporting evidence amassed by Suvorov goes far beyond this sort of idle speculation, and he produces a historical picture radically different than what our standard accounts have always implied. In actual fact, Soviet tanks were far superior in main armament, armor, and maneuverability to their German counterparts, so much so that the overwhelming majority of panzers were almost obsolescent by comparison.
And the Soviet superiority in numbers was even more extreme, with Stalin deploying several times more tanks than the combined total of those held by Germany and every other nation in the world: Even during peacetime, a single Soviet factory in Kharkov produced more tanks in every six month period than the entire Third Reich had built prior to The Soviets held a similar superiority, though somewhat less extreme, in their ground-attack bombers.
The totally closed nature of the USSR meant that vast military forces remained entirely hidden from outside observers.
There is also little evidence that the quality of Soviet officers or military doctrine fell short. And Stalin apparently thought so highly of many of his top military strategists inthat despite his huge initial losses, many of them remained in command and were eventually promoted to the highest ranks of the Soviet military establishment by the end of the war.
Certainly, many aspects of the Soviet military machine were primitive, but exactly the same was true of their Nazi opponents. Perhaps the most surprising detail about the technology of the invading Wehrmacht in was that its transportation system was still almost entirely pre-modern, relying upon wagons and carts drawn byhorses to maintain the vital flow of ammunition and replacements to its advancing armies.
Although the bulk of the Soviet armored forces were medium tanks like the T and T, generally far superior to their German counterparts, the USSR had also pioneered the development of several lines of highly specialized tanks, most of which had no counterpart elsewhere in the world.IN WATCHING the flow of events over the past decade or so, it is hard to avoid the feeling that something very fundamental has happened in world history.
Propaganda can affect millions of lives. Military, government and media propaganda can go hand in hand. Other times, media can be affected themselves by propaganda. This part of the urbanagricultureinitiative.com web site looks into the very important issue of propaganda, including various elements of propaganda and some examples.
IN WATCHING the flow of events over the past decade or so, it is hard to avoid the feeling that something very fundamental has happened in world history. The Middle Managers of Murder.
Introduction. Bureaucracy is not unique to Germany, however its application by the National Socialists as a . Stalin Web Sites; Lesson Plans, Activities, and more; Stalin Web Sites.
The Internal Workings of the Soviet System Library of Congress Soviet Archives Exhibit, this detailed section covers the Lenin/Stalin . One of George Orwell’s main concerns with capitalist, fascist, or communist societies was the ruthlessness they showed toward all other forms of government and towards any dissent of the people.