Exploring Leonardo A great site for students grades by the Boston Museum of Science, Exploring Leonardo is organized into four major learning areas and a resource center and offers engaging lessons in science, art, history, and language arts. The site also has five lesson plans for hands-on classroom activities and three opportunities for students to communicate their ideas electronically. Internet Modern History Sourcebook The Internet History Sourcebooks are wonderful collections of public domain and copy-permitted historical texts for educational use by Paul Halsall. The site and its documents are well organized and the breadth of materials is impressive.
The style started to spread made mainly by local architects: Classical orders and candelabra motifs a candelieri were combined freely into symmetrical wholes. In that scenery, the Palace of Charles V by Pedro Machucain Granada, supposed an unexpected achievement in the most advanced Renaissance of the moment.
The palace can be defined as an anticipation of the Mannerismdue to its command of the classical language and its rupturist aesthetical achievements.
It was constructed before the main works of Michelangelo and Palladio. Its influence was very limited, and, misunderstood, Plateresque forms imposed in the general panorama. As decades passed, the gothic influence disappeared and the research of an orthodox classicism reached high levels.
The highlight of Spanish Renaissance is represented by the Royal Monastery of El Escorialmade by Juan Bautista de Toledo and Juan de Herrera where a much closer adherence to the art of ancient Rome was overpassed by an extremely sober style. The influence from Flanders roofs, the symbolism of the scarce decoration and the precise granite cut were established as Renaissance and baroque architecture essay basis of a new style that would influence Spanish architecture for a century: A disciple of Herrera, Juan Bautista Villalpando was influential for interpreting the recently revived text of Vitruvius to suggest the origin of the classical orders in Solomon's Temple.
Spanish Baroque architecture As Italian Baroque influences penetrated across the Pyreneesthey gradually superseded in popularity the restrained classicizing approach of Juan de Herrera, which had been in vogue since the late sixteenth century.
Vernacular Baroque with its roots still in Herrera and in traditional brick construction was developed in Madrid throughout the 17th century. Examples include Plaza Mayor and the Major House. The Churriguera family, which specialized in designing altars and retables, revolted against the sobriety of the Herreresque classicism and promoted an intricate, exaggerated, almost capricious style of surface decoration known as the Churrigueresque.
Within half a century, they transformed Salamanca into an exemplary Churrigueresque city.
The evolution of the style passed through three phases. Between andthe Churriguera popularized Guarini 's blend of Solomonic columns and composite orderknown as the "supreme order".
Between andthe Churrigueresque column, or estipite, in the shape of an inverted cone or obelisk, was established as a central element of ornamental decoration. The years from to saw a gradual shift of interest away from twisted movement and excessive ornamentation toward a neoclassical balance and sobriety.
In this case as in many others, the design involves a play of tectonic and decorative elements with little relation to structure and function. The Royal Palaces of La Granja de San Ildefonsoin Segoviaand Aranjuezin Madrid, are good examples of baroque integration of architecture and gardening, with noticeable French influence La Granja is known as the Spanish Versaillesbut with local spatial conceptions which in some ways display the heritage of the Moorish occupation.
Spanish Colonial architecture[ edit ] Main article: Spanish Colonial architecture The combination of the Native American and Moorish decorative influences with an extremely expressive interpretation of the Churrigueresque idiom may account for the full-bodied and varied character of the Baroque in the American colonies of Spain.
Even more than its Spanish counterpart, American Baroque developed as a style of stucco decoration. To the north, the richest province of 18th-century New Spain — Mexico — produced some fantastically extravagant and visually frenetic architecture known as New Spanish Churrigueresque.
Other fine examples of the style may be found in the remote silver-mining towns. The true capital of New Spanish Baroque is Puebla, Pueblawhere a ready supply of hand-painted glazed tiles talavera and vernacular gray stone led to its evolving further into a personalised and highly localised art form with a pronounced Indian flavour.
Spanish colonial Chinese influence exclusive to Spanish East Indies was born when Spain colonized what was now the Philippineswhich is located south of China. The architecture in the Philippines based its principle on the native Nipa hut of the locals who's architecture corresponds to the tropical climate, stormy season and earthquake prone environment of the whole Archipelago and combined it with the influence of Spanish colonizers and Chinese traders.
And so created a hybrid of Austronesian, Chinese and Spanish architecture. The Bahay na bato houses and Earthquake Baroque churches  Prado Museumby Villanueva The extremely intellectual postulates of Neoclassicism succeeded in Spain less than the much more expressive of Baroque.
The main figure was Juan de Villanuevawho adapted Burke 's achievements about the sublime and the beauty to the requirements of Spanish clime and history. He built the Prado Museumthat combined three programs- an academy, an auditorium and a museum- in one building with three separated entrances.
Very close to the museum, Villanueva built the Astronomical Observatory. He also designed several summer houses for the kings in El Escorial and Aranjuez and reconstructed the Major Square of Madridamong other important works.History of World Architecture: Renaissance and Baroque Era Essay - Renaissance, Mannerism, Baroque.
The Renaissance Period is one of the well known periods in the history of architecture which is later followed by another known period called the Baroque Era.
Learn the basics of Renaissance art so you impress your next date. Western architecture - Baroque and Rococo: Baroque and late Baroque, or Rococo, are loosely defined terms, generally applied by common consent to European art of the period from the early 17th century to the midth century.
Baroque was at first an undisguised term of abuse, probably derived from the Italian word barocco, which was a term used by philosophers during the Middle Ages to.
The Influence of Renaissance in Art and Architecture - The influences of any era is evident through artwork and architecture. During the Middle Ages the main influence was the church, this is evident through the focus on biblical and religious symbols.
JSTOR is a digital library of academic journals, books, and primary sources. The Baroque period took the humanist Roman view of Renaissance architecture and showed it in a new rhetorical, theatrical and sculptural fashion they expressed the triumph of absolutist church and state. The main view of Baroque architecture was more concerned about color, light and shade.