Ballast water discharges by ships can have a negative impact on the marine environment.
Hire Writer Things like public transportation, land usage, businesses, and highways are just certain factors that are made to create a city into a striving place that can prosper and be a model to other areas of interest.
All these things bring the problem that most major cities face, including noise pollution. So what are the biggest factors that contribute to air pollution?
The biggest contributors are when cities are nearby highways with traffic, airports, railroads, manufacturing plants or factories, areas of construction or destruction and even things like open concert venues Mayntz. Most cities have these structures centralized in their areas or very close to the area.
Something these parts of the city have in common is amount of noise they produce. Vehicles in highways are making noise while they drive, planes with huge engines leaving and entering airports have high rates of sound, construction and destruction is noisy, trains are loud, factories usually have some noise from machinery and concerts are meant to play loud music.
All these factors combined create in themselves a single loud noise that can surround their area. It can have effects on the health and mental state of people living in and around cities that have issues with it.
There have been many studies that have linked noise pollution with different type of health issues.
Many people who live near cities that have high amounts of noise pollution often incur stress related illnesses, high blood pressure, hearing loss, sleep reduction, and even speech interference EPA 1.
While noise pollution will not cause these things in everyone who lives near city or goes to one a lot in their life, the many connections made in many cities around the world to people who have some of these issues is very evident.
By causing health and mental issues to the people, it then goes on to affect how a city is built and ran, or how it would have to change how it is going to stop it. The first part in how noise pollution is important to a city is on where it is created.
What are fossil fuels? Fossil fuels are rock-like, gas, or liquid resources that are burned to generate power. They include coal, natural gas, and oil, and are used as an energy source in the electricity and transportation sectors. They’re also a leading source of the world’s global warming pollution. On-board microphones capture the noise differential as a vehicle transitions from an asphalt rubber surface (ARFC) to a portland cement concrete pavement . URBAN NOISE MITIGATION Reina Ezzeddine, Basma Hallak, Fawzi Khalifeh, Tamer Ladan, Nabeeha Shokor considered main causes of noise pollution in urban areas, and therefore improvements and policies must be implemented to reduce their contribution to the problem. The construction and structures.
As stated earlier, a large contributor to noise problems are highways. When creating a city that wants to be highly impacted by those who commute from places like suburbs or the countryside, there will need to be some sort of highway to get people there.
With the amount of traffic the highways could endure, noise eventually rises. Poor planning on a city is how they maintain the noise pollution that comes from a highway. Reducing speed limits has shown to make a gradual decrease in noise.
The problems that cities face when trying to reduce speeds is in more traffic congestion, which leads to poor transportation and air pollution. Many cities still seem to support the call for the end to noise pollution.
Recently, many people who are living in cities near highways in Switzerland are lobbying heavily to make regulations on noise pollutions from highways stricter. They are calling for more sound-proof barriers along the highways, which is also something done to reduce noises from traffic.
It is quite staggering how much people are willing to stop noise pollution at all cost. There have been many countries in Europe that have even been willing to pay more on their taxes to have their money go towards efforts that would reduce noise pollutions in their cities.
Inresidents in urban developments near Spain were willing to pay four Euros per decibel a year to reduce noise in their neighborhoods Viladrich-Grau 1.
This not just meant highway reduction but also railroad noise and airport traffic. This leads into another problem with poor planning in cities and noise pollution: Many large cities have begun to build more residential areas in the area of the downtown metropolitan areas.
Housing in the area is made to cut some commuting for some people.On-board microphones capture the noise differential as a vehicle transitions from an asphalt rubber surface (ARFC) to a portland cement concrete pavement .
The environmental impact of shipping includes greenhouse gas emissions, acoustic, and oil urbanagricultureinitiative.com International Maritime Organization (IMO) estimates that Carbon dioxide emissions from shipping were equal to % of the global human-made emissions in and expects them to rise 50 to percent by if no action is taken..
The First Intersessional Meeting of the IMO Working Group. Noise Mitigation in Urban Areas: AUBMC Case Study Abstract- This paper studies noise pollution in a local context and aims at finding feasible mitigation measures taking AUBMC area as a case study.
After thoroughly researching the topic to better understand the causes and implications of noise, as well as suggested solutions. 3. Adverse health effects of noise.
Introduction. The perception of sounds in day-to-day life is of major importance for human well-being. What are fossil fuels? Fossil fuels are rock-like, gas, or liquid resources that are burned to generate power.
They include coal, natural gas, and oil, and are used as an energy source in the electricity and transportation sectors. They’re also a leading source of the world’s global warming pollution.
Noise pollution, while not always the most prevalent form of pollution discussed, is an important factor in the sustainability Of a city and its citizens.
In order to begin to discuss how noise pollution is important to the city it has to be defined.