Overview[ edit ] The Multiregional hypothesis was proposed in by Milford H. WolpoffAlan Thorne and Xinzhi Wu.
One of the most common questions is how to differentiate the Multiregional evolution hypothesis from the Out of Africa hypothesis. The difference between the hypotheses is in which Pleistocene people were Multiregional thesis ancestors, and which were not. Both hypotheses have to account for the same basic set of facts: Humans first left Africa and established populations in other parts of the world first southern Asia, China, and Java, later Europe by 1.
Humans today are quite different anatomically and behaviorally from archaic people that is, most humans before 40, years ago anywhere in the world. Recent people are called "modern" humans.
Human populations today are genetically very similar to each other. African populations today are more genetically diverse than populations in other parts of the world. Recent humans in Europe and Asia share a few features with the ancient archaic people who lived in those places before 40, years ago.
Anthropologists consider many more detailed sources of evidence about human origins, but many sources of evidence fall into one or more of these basic categories.
This combination of facts is a bit puzzling, and both hypotheses account for them a bit differently. Species, of course, are defined by reproductive isolation, so the evolution of these several species of humans was separate.
The fossil archaic humans that we find throughout the Old World belonged to these several species, but only one branch of this ancient family tree could give rise to today's humanity.
This branch was African. The origin of modern humans in Africa explains why today's Africans are more genetically variable than other populations they were the first human population to expand, and other populations like those of Europe and Asia were founded later.
The recent origin explains why today's human populations are genetically similar -- they haven't had time to diverge very much. The resemblances with archaic humans in some modern people are explained either as a result of parallel evolution the same selection in the same place leads to similar features or as a result of slight genetic contributions from archaic humans into today's populations.
Multiregional evolution Under the Multiregional evolution hypothesis, the first humans to leave Africa 1. Instead, these populations always exchanged genes with each other through recurrent gene flow. Today, we are part of this same species, which has evolved greatly over time to a very different morphology and behavior from the first humans.
The low genetic differences among human populations are a result of a history of gene flow between ancient populations.
Our present morphology and behavior have greatly changed from archaic humans because of natural selection in a global human population. Resemblances between archaic and modern humans in some parts of the world are the result of ancestry.
The greater genetic variation within Africa is a consequence of larger African population size, greater ecological diversity and local selection, or both.
These factors gave Africa a dominant role in the ancestry of today's human population. This post continues to get a lot of visits from students around the world. It was first posted inand the science has changed a lot since then. We now have ancient DNA evidence from Neanderthals, early modern humans in Europe, and a handful of ancient samples from Africa.
Those have changed the picture substantially from the turn of the century. Modern humans originated as a population within Africa, with substantial input from diverse African populations of the Middle Pleistocene.
Beforeyears ago, there were genetic exchanges between Africa and Eurasia, which left marks of introgression in the genomes of Neanderthals.
This population had originated from African ancestors within the lastyears, but where it lived during the time of the bottleneck is not yet known. As they spread across Asia, the descendants of this bottlenecked population mixed with Neanderthals and with another archaic human population, the Denisovans.
The modern human populations that ultimately arrived throughout Asia, Australia, the Americas, and Europe would all carry a small fraction of Neanderthal genes. Some scientists describe the current picture as a multiregional evolution scenario, others describe it as an out of Africa scenario, and still others describe it as a blend or middle ground between the two.
In either case, the more detailed picture that we have today shows that the contradictions posed by datasets of the s could indeed be resolved in a single picture of human origins.
Humans have low genetic variation today, and this variation is highest in Africa, and much lower in other parts of the world.
This shows that most modern human ancestors lived in a small population within Africa. At the same time, modern humans from other parts of the world show some skeletal similarities and a small proportion of genetic similarities with earlier archaic human populations from those areas, including the Neanderthals.
Anthropologists continue to work to test hypotheses about how and why these populations evolved. · Microphotonics Center at MIT. Back; Short Reach Interconnect TWG; Open Architecture System Optimization TWG (Restricted)urbanagricultureinitiative.com Multiregional thesis definition in writing article highlights There are two theories about the origin of modern humans: 1) they arose in one place—Africa—and 2) premodern humans migrated from Africa to become modern humans in other parts of the urbanagricultureinitiative.com://urbanagricultureinitiative.com 1 day ago · Multiregional thesis – all developed independently Stone Age – First period of prehistory - Tool use separates hominids from ancestors Paleolithic – Old Stone Age – urbanagricultureinitiative.com MONASH-MRF (MMRF) is a multiregional, multisectoral model of the Australian economy.
Earlier regional models of the Australian economy have been confined to tops-down models, single-region models or two-region urbanagricultureinitiative.com://urbanagricultureinitiative.com “Out of Africa” thesis vs.
multiregional thesis Humans originated from Africa and proliferated vs. originated from Africa but multiple geographical locations first . Multiregional thesis. To understand this controversy, the anatomical, archaeological, and genetic evidence needs to be evaluated. If and only if there was only one paleo-date pregnant with fertile children it is the gene flow the key thesis of MHO and MHO theory holds urbanagricultureinitiative.com