This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Abstract Background There is an apparent disjuncture between the requirements of the medical spiral curriculum and the practice of replacing previous online material in undergraduate courses.
Characteristics and pedagogical implications. Characteristics and Pedagogical Implications by Nada DabbaghGeorge Mason University Abstract Globalization has stretched the scope of the online learner population from a homogeneous profile of mostly adult, mostly employed, place-bound, goal-oriented, and intrinsically motivated to one that is heterogeneous, younger, dynamic, and responsive to rapid technological innovations.
This paper describes the emerging characteristics of the online learner and ensuing pedagogical implications and suggests that exploratory and dialogical online learning pedagogical models are most effective for supporting and promoting these characteristics.
The research todate has not converged on an archetypal profile of the online learner.
Althoughsome situational, affective, and demographic characteristics may cut acrossthis learner population, what seems to be more prevalent is the changing oremerging nature of the online learner and the multiplicity of learning stylesand generational differences represented.
This situation carries considerablepedagogical implications for the design of online learning environments andnecessitates a review of the research to determine the characteristics andskills of the emerging online learner.
Determining the characteristics andeducational needs of the online learner may not necessarily guarantee successin a distance education course or program Galusha, It could, however,significantly help administrators, teachers, and instructional designersunderstand a who is likely to participate in online learning, b whatfactors or motivators contribute to a successful online learning experience,and c the potential barriers detering some students from participating in orsuccessfully completing an online course.
In order to better understand thecharacteristics and perceived skills of the online learner Implications of online learning the underlying motivationsand barriers that impact successful online learning experiences, a review ofthe characteristics of the traditional or classic distance education learner isessential.
The Classic Distance Education Learner Earlier profiles of theonline learner can be traced to classic distance education settings e. TheNational Home Study Council NHSC founded in collected information aboutits students and created the following demographic profile for home studystudents Lambert, Home study students were also described as self-motivated,goal-oriented, and disciplined self-starters.
They found that locus of control is a significant predictor ofsuccess and persistence in distance education courses. Specifically, studentswith an internal locus of control those who attribute success and failure ontasks to personal behaviors and efforts were more likely to succeed receive agrade of C or better and persevere complete a telecourse in a telecoursethan did students with an external locus of control those who attributesuccess and failure on tasks to external or uncontrollable factors such as luckor task difficulty.
Several other studies examinedstudent attitudes, personality characteristics, study practices, coursecompletion rates, and other academic, psychological, and social integrationvariables to identify barriers to persistence in distance education anddetermine predictors for successful course achievement e.
Overall results of suchstudies indicated that intrinsically motivated learners possessing a highinternal locus of control, coupled with a positive attitude toward theinstructor and a high expectation for grades and degree completion were morelikely to succeed in a distance education course.
This finding is consistent with the pedagogicalcharacteristics of technology supported learning environments and, inparticular, Web-based or online learning environments that emphasizeinteraction and collaboration. Such environments are multimodal support audio,video, and textprovide individual and group interaction spaces insynchronous and asynchronous formats, support linear and nonlinearrepresentation of content, and provide a variety of learning tools to cater toa variety of individual learning styles.
The Changing Nature of the Distance Education Learner Thisresearch demonstrates that although distance education learners share broaddemographic and situational characteristics, no concrete evidence indicatesthat this group is homogeneous or unchanging Thompson, In fact, thecurrent profile of the online distance learner can be characterized as emerging,responsive to rapid technological innovations and new learning paradigms, andprogressively including a younger age bracket.
In a recent Sloan Consortiumreport on the state of online learning in the United States, Allen and Seaman reported that undergraduates represented In addition, distributed onlinelearning delivery models such, as knowledge networks, learning communities, asynchronouslearning networks, and knowledge portals, are designed to effectively meet the characteristicsof this emerging learner population.
These models support interacting withpeers in virtual spaces on team projects, engaging in online discourse,researching term papers using Web-based resources, and developing Web sites anddigital products to demonstrate learning. Although Generation Xers born continue to represent the majority of online distance educationlearners, generation Nexters born will soon represent a sizableportion of this population, bringing with them new communication andtechnological skill sets.
Globalization of distanceeducation has enabled students from across the globe to participate in onlinelearning activities, such as joining moderated listservs, participating inonline seminars, and sharing information through knowledge portals.
Additionally, distance education learners are becoming less location bound. Thompson elaborated on this point as follows: Attraction to innovative technology-mediated learningenvironments and flexible course delivery schedules are two of the reasonslisted for the desire to be outside the educational mainstream.
The Emerging Online Learner The concept of the independent, place-bound, adult,self-motivated, disciplined self-starter, and goal-oriented learner, which largely characterized the classic distance education learner, isnow being challenged with socially mediated online learning activities thatde-emphasize independent learning and emphasize social interaction andcollaboration.
Therefore, online learners must be ready to sharetheir work, interact within small and large groups in virtual settings, andcollaborate on projects online or otherwise risk isolation in a community growing increasingly dependent on connectivity and interaction.Washington, DC: U.S.
Department of Education, Office of Educational Technology. Abstract Educational systems are under increasing pressure to reduce costs while maintaining or . The story of an innovative university's shutdown says as much about the landscape for online learning as it does about one campus's decisions.
A university's closure and its . 56 Turkish Online Journal of Distance Education-TOJDE April Volume: 14 ISSN Number: 2 Article 2 E-LEARNING IMPLICATIONS FOR ADULT LEARNING Assist.
Prof. Online learning, also known as distance learning or e-learning, is an educational option for students who wish to take a course or even earn a degree without attending on-campus classes. Understanding the Implications of Online Learning for Educational Productivity.
Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Education, Office of Educational Technology.
Abstract. Educational systems are under increasing pressure to reduce costs while maintaining or improving outcomes for students. To improve educational productivity, In the United. The story of an innovative university's shutdown says as much about the landscape for online learning as it does about one campus's decisions.
A university's closure and its implications for online learning, adult student markets.