An analysis of the atomic bombs dropped on the japanese cities hiroshima and nagasaki

At the beginning the men at the Metallurgical Laboratory had only a trace of the element to work with and made some preliminary investigations of its properties by a tracer technique.

An analysis of the atomic bombs dropped on the japanese cities hiroshima and nagasaki

Toggle display of website navigation Argument: May 30, Their use was, therefore, unnecessary. In the 48 years since, many others have joined the fray: Both schools of thought, however, assume that the bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki with new, more powerful weapons did coerce Japan into surrendering on Aug.

They fail to question the utility of the bombing in the first place — to ask, in essence, did it work? The orthodox view is that, yes, of course, it worked.

The United States bombed Hiroshima on Aug. The support for this narrative runs deep. But there are three major problems with it, and, taken together, they significantly undermine the traditional interpretation of the Japanese surrender.

An analysis of the atomic bombs dropped on the japanese cities hiroshima and nagasaki

Timing The first problem with the traditional interpretation is timing. And it is a serious problem. The traditional interpretation has a simple timeline: Army Air Force bombs Hiroshima with a nuclear weapon on Aug. Our Bomb Did It! All the elements of the story point forward to that moment: It is told, in other words, as a story about the Bomb.

That was the day that the Supreme Council met — for the first time in the war — to discuss unconditional surrender.

Hiroshima: Random Ramblings

The Supreme Council was a group of six top members of the government — a sort of inner cabinet — that effectively ruled Japan in Unconditional surrender what the Allies were demanding was a bitter pill to swallow. What if they decided to put the emperor — who was believed to be divine — on trial?

What if they got rid of the emperor and changed the form of government entirely? Even though the situation was bad in the summer ofthe leaders of Japan were not willing to consider giving up their traditions, their beliefs, or their way of life.

What could have happened that caused them to so suddenly and decisively change their minds? What made them sit down to seriously discuss surrender for the first time after 14 years of war? It could not have been Nagasaki. The bombing of Nagasaki occurred in the late morning of Aug.

It came 74 hours — more than three days — earlier.

TOKYO (5 p.m.)

What kind of crisis takes three days to unfold? The hallmark of a crisis is a sense of impending disaster and the overwhelming desire to take action now. Kennedy was sitting up in bed reading the morning papers at about 8: Within two hours and forty-five minutes a special committee had been created, its members selected, contacted, brought to the White House, and were seated around the cabinet table to discuss what should be done.

Secretary of State Acheson called Truman that Saturday morning to give him the news. Within 24 hours, Truman had flown halfway across the United States and was seated at Blair House the White House was undergoing renovations with his top military and political advisors talking about what to do.

These leaders responded — as leaders in any country would — to the imperative call that a crisis creates. They each took decisive steps in a short period of time.

An analysis of the atomic bombs dropped on the japanese cities hiroshima and nagasaki

If Hiroshima really touched off a crisis that eventually forced the Japanese to surrender after fighting for 14 years, why did it take them three days to sit down to discuss it? One might argue that the delay is perfectly logical. Perhaps they only came to realize the importance of the bombing slowly.

So the outcome — the end result of the bombing — was clear from the beginning.HIROSHIMA: Random Ramblings By Doug Long _____ On this page I address issues that, due to subject matter or space limitations, did not find their way into my article "Hiroshima: Was it Necessary?".

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